Friday, July 13, 2007

History: GLBT movement pioneer

Karl Heinrich-Ulrichs
(August 28, 1825 - July 14, 1895)

Karl was born in Aurich, Germany. He obtained a law and theology degree from Gottingen University and studied history at the Berlin University. It was when he was an official legal adviser for the district court of Hildesheim in 1859 that he was dismissed when his homosexuality became apparent. Shortly after this dismissal he started writing under the pseudonym of "Numa Numantius". His first essays, translated into "Researches on the Riddle of Male-Male Love, ....coined various terms to describe different sexual orientations/gender identities." (WIKI, 14th)

Several years later he started publishing with his real name. He came out "on August 29, 1867, Ulrichs became the first self-proclaimed homosexual to speak out publicly in defense of homosexuality when he pleaded at the Congress of German Jurists in Munich for a resolution urging the repeal of anti-homosexual laws." (WIKI, 14th)

"In the 1860s, Ulrichs moved around Germany, always writing and publishing, and always in trouble with the law.....In 1879, Ulrichs published the twelfth and final book of his Research on the Riddle of Man-Manly Love. In poor health, and feeling he had done all he could in Germany, he went into self-imposed exile in Italy." (WIKI, 14th)

For more on the life and works of Karl follow the research link below. I enjoyed reading his "Araxes: a Call to Free the Nature of the Urning from Penal Law" which was published in 1870 and has been commented on it's similarity to the modern GLBT movements. (WIKI, 14th)

Island Dyke

WIKI 14th WWW KARL_HEINRICH. (n.d.). Retrieved on July 14, 2007, from

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